If you have taken an STI test and received a positive result, there is no need to panic. It is possible to treat every STI listed at , even if the STI itself is incurable. Whether the STI is curable or not will depend on whether it is bacterial, parasitic or viral, but even those that cannot be cured can be managed very effectively by medication. This means that the frequency of outbreaks can be reduced, and the associated symptoms can be lessened when they do occur.
Which STI treatment do I need?
This will depend on which STI you have contracted. Some antibiotics can be used to treat several bacterial STIs, but in most cases particular medications have been developed as a specific STI treatment.
Azithromycin – an antibiotic that can be taken to completely cure chlamydia, gonorrhoea, ureaplasma urealyticum, mycoplasma genitalium and non-specific urethritis. A high-concentration STI treatment.
Doxycycline – another antibiotic which can be taken to cure bacterial STIs, such as those listed above. A relatively low-dosage treatment.
Cefixime – this STI medication is available in a Gonorrhoea Pack along with Azithromycin to cure the infection.
Metronidazole – this antibiotic can be taken to treat the infections trichomonas vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis.
Aciclovir – this antiviral medication can treat genital herpes, cold sores and shingles by controlling and reducing the frequency of outbreaks.
Aldara – an antiviral cream that can be used to alleviate the symptoms of and quicken the recovery from genital warts.
Condyline – this podophyllotoxin solution can clear an outbreak of genital warts.
Warticon – this is an antiviral STI medication in the form of a cream that can be applied to external genital warts to clear an outbreak.
Valtrex – these antiviral tablets can treat an outbreak of genital herpes by reducing the symptoms and quickening recovery time.
Famvir – these are also antiviral tablets which can alleviate symptoms and accelerate recovery.
Why are there so many different STI treatment options?
There are a number of different sexually transmitted infections which affect the body in different ways. This means the STI medication that is used to treat, cure or manage them needs to work in differing ways. For example, Azithromycin stops the cells from producing protein which they need to survive, while Metronidazole causes a chemical reaction within the cells which ultimately destroys them. Antiviral medications like Aciclovir prevent the work of enzymes which allow the viral cells to reproduce, pushing the virus back into its dormant state.
Though there are many effective and safe medications in terms of STI treatment, it is still important to bear in mind that prevention is always better than treatment. Remember to always use a condom during sex unless you are 100% certain that both you and your partner are free from STIs; an STI test will confirm this. Aside from abstinence, using a condom is the only method of contraception that will protect you from most STIs. If you have had unprotected sex, make sure you take an STI test. Doing so quickly will mean you will be able to begin a course of STI medication quickly if you receive a positive diagnosis.